2、Nanjing, Jiangsu:Retain the "taste of the ancient capital" by the renewal with the warmth.
Nanjing is the ancient capital of the Six Dynasties, as a famous historical and cultural city and a megacity in the Yangtze River Delta, starting from Xiaoxihu, Nanjing's urban renewal exploration has a unique positioning, bringing changes to the ancient city of Nanjing with a warm urban renewal method, and ushering in the integration and renewal between the old and the new.
(1) The warmth of responsibility: the construction of four systems.
The city has moved from "demolition, reform and retention" to "retention, reform and demolition", and Nanjing has strived to break the bottlenecks of stock land use, institutional and mechanism innovation, and market allocation of resources, and bravely entered the "deep water area" of urban renewal. The construction of the four major systems supports the renewal and breaks the way forward, and explores a replicable Nanjing experience.
In June this year, the "Nanjing Urban Renewal Measures" was officially promulgated, using one policy base to support N supplementary supporting policy documents and X technical guidelines, constituting a policy system. Qinhuai District took the lead in setting up a district-level urban renewal entity operation department, and at the municipal level, it focused on setting up a municipal urban renewal work leading group organized by the main leaders of the municipal government to form a linkage between the upper and lower levels. Smooth the "land and space planning - special planning for urban renewal of cities and districts - detailed planning of urban renewal lots - planning and design of urban renewal projects" and other links, and straighten out the whole process of planning system.
(2) The warmth of the pathfinder: Xiaoxihu renewal.
The origin of Xiaoxihu renewal is a path-finding reflection in the context of the city's traditional large-scale demolition and construction. The two-level government, state-owned assets platform, university team, etc., in Nanjing, have been polished for nearly 10 years in the historical area where houses are piled up and facilities are dilapidated. A small-scale, incremental, and micro-updated model was explored. New cases of "shared courtyards", "symbiotic courtyards" and "translational resettlement houses" have been created, which have changed residents' concept of renewal and achieved a win-win situation between the protection of historical areas and the improvement of people's livelihood.
Nowadays, through the independent renewal of residents and the assistance of designers, the clear water brick walls and stone steps have been retained, and the traditional spatial pattern and texture of the ancient capital Nanjing have been retained. At the same time, new business formats such as teahouses, homestays, and restaurants have been introduced, where the old and the new are integrated and symbiotic, improving the overall environment of the neighborhood.
The exploration of Xiaoxihu has achieved a circle-breaking effect, and there is an endless stream of "scripture learners" from all over the country every week. After being selected as a national demonstration case of historical and cultural protection and inheritance, Xiaoxihu District won the UNESCO Asia-Pacific Cultural Heritage Protection Innovation Design Award.
(3) The warmth of co-build: residents become participants.
"I thought that renewal was to take the house and leave, but I didn't expect that it would be paid for with the government, and the residents would become participants from bystanders. This is the sentiment of the residents of Pomegranate New Community in the city center.
Living in the old city, there are various problems such as aging facilities, crowded and dilapidated houses, and many fire hazards. How to make a family of 20 square meters separate, live in, have an independent kitchen and bathroom, and realize the dream of living in peace. There are four major types of renewal in Nanjing, focusing on residential renewal. Pomegranate New Community adopts a mechanism of consultation and co-construction with the participation of residents throughout the process, and residents widely participate in the whole process of policy formulation, design and transformation. The design draft alone has been revised more than 70 times, forming a total of 36 types of houses in 20 area segments.
The Lotus Pond project in a larger historical residential area will build a five-party platform to realize three-dimensional and all-round communication between government departments, territorial streets, implementation subjects, professional teams and the people. During the implementation process, resident representatives were invited to act as supervisors. After the renovation is completed, residents are invited to conduct a comprehensive evaluation of the effect, so that residents can truly build and govern together.
(4) The warmth of transformation: the old factory also has spring.
In the main city, which is not spacious, young people walk in the block, and you can see wall paintings, spiral stairs and other Internet celebrity check-in points everywhere, trendy, interesting, literary and artistic, and the predecessor of this place called D9 block is the old factory of Nanjing Old Cigarette Factory.
Nanjing encourages all kinds of entities to revitalize the stock of inefficient land or integrate adjacent plots for concentrated and contiguous development through various modes such as industrial transformation, capacity increase and technological transformation, and comprehensive renovation, which are compatible with multiple functions such as rental housing, dormitories, and parking.
The renewal of Nanjing's old cigarette factory, which carries commercial offices, art exhibitions, modern architecture museums and other service functions, has become a useful attempt for Nanjing to build an international consumption center city. On the side of the Ming City Wall, the old factory building of Nanjing Second Machine Tool Factory has been rusted for 70 years, and after repair, maintenance and renewal, it has become Nanjing National Leading Talent Pioneer Park, gathering more than 160 enterprises of various cultural creativity and industrial design. The open park, full of literary and artistic atmosphere, concerts, cultural and art festivals, cultural tourism, business, streets and park interaction, to create a fashionable, diversified, scene-based new social space, the old factory ushered in the spring of development.
(5) Thewarmth of sustain: Expand the "moat" of funds.
Only by introducing a steady stream of living water will the renewed capital moat become wider and wider. Nanjing Innovation New City feeds back the capital policy of the old city, and uses the land income of the new city and new area to feed back 15 billion yuan in the old city in 5 years.
In the income from land transfer of urban renewal projects, Nanjing adopts a rigid provision of 17% to return the full amount to the district where it is located.
In the renovation of dilapidated houses, we advocate shared responsibilities and rights. In urban renewal, the construction funds for C-level and D-level dilapidated houses shall be shared by the city, district and property owner according to 2:2:6 and 3:3:4. Xu Qing, the first self-renewed household in Xiaoxihu, turned a century-old house into a dilapidated house. According to the D-level dilapidated housing policy, the government subsidizes 60% of the cost, and he pays 40% himself. Not only is the living environment better, but the house facing the street is also rented out to the shop to collect rent.
In addition, the Yihe Road Historic District project has received a loan of RMB 11 billion from CDB, the Pukou Centennial Railway Station project has received a loan of RMB 8.3 billion from CDB, and the Ferry Bridge Area has issued special bonds of RMB 4.8 billion......
There is no end to the update, and Nanjing is still exploring. The implementation system of Nanjing's urban renewal whole chain project and the promotion of urban renewal through consultation, co-construction and sharing have been included in the list of replicable experiences and practices in the implementation of urban renewal actions in the country by the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development. The "renewal" with warmth will make people feel more and more truly the beauty of the ancient capital at their fingertips and the happiness that is close at hand.
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Edited and Translated by Guan Tao