City Planning Review

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City Planning Review(2019.5)

2019-06-01

♦  A NEW START

Author:SHI Nan

♦  URBAN LIFE CYCLE PLANNING: FROM RESEARCH TO PRACTICE

Author:CHAI Yanwei; LI Chunjiang

ABSTRACT: Urban planning in China is now facing the transformation towards being people-oriented and focusing on the quality of people’s life. Urban life cycle planning has attracted more and more attention from academic and planning practice fields because it takes into account the individual daily life of residents. As a result, it is considered to be an effective way to achieve the transformation targets. Through a study on existing research and application practice of urban life circle and life cycle planning, it is found that while urban life circle planning has drawn more attention and made a series of achievements, it still faces many challenges, including: (1) there is a certain consensus on the concept, scope, connotation, and functional system division of life cycle planning, but it is still vague; (2) the content and methods of data collection and management are not clear; (3) planning methodologies and technical routes have not been established yet; (4) implementation modes and institutional guarantees require the collaboration between multiple parties. In short, life cycle planning needs to establish a set of planning process and methods through a complete, comprehensive, and scientific practice case, so as to provide a solid base for the future promotion of life cycle planning.

KEYWORDS: urban planning; life cycle; daily life; spatio-temporal behavior

♦  FROM TRADITIONAL RESIDENTIAL AREA PLANNING TO NEIGHBORHOOD LIFE CIRCLE PLANNING

Author:YU Yifan

ABSTRACT: At present, urban development in China has entered a transitional period. In response to the objective requirement, neighborhood life circle planning is proposed. A deeper understanding on life circle is an indispensable prerequisite for promoting relevant planning practices. This paper argues: firstly, as neighborhood life circle is a spatial scope of daily activities, relevant planning should focus on the living space instead of the abstract functional plot; secondly, as the neighborhood life circle is a shared space of public services, the planning should take into account both the accessibility and availability of public service facilities; thirdly, as the neighborhood life circle is also a perceived community range of residents, the planning should aim at a harmonious and inclusive community while improving facilities as well as services. The neighborhood life circle is a new measure for urban planning to adjust to the times, signifying the important advancement of urban planning concepts and methods.

KEYWORDS: residential area; neighborhood; life circle; people-centered; planning response

♦  ACADEMIC DIALOGUE: FROM RESIDENTIAL AREA PLANNING TO COMMUNITY LIFE CIRCLE PLANNING

Author:CHAI Yanwei; YU Yifan; WANG Huifang; L Haihong; CHENG Rong; WANG De; WANG Lan; HUANG Ling; WU Fengwen

♦  NEW PROGRESS OF ASSOCIATION STANDARDS

Author:DUAN Jin; LU Qin; ZHANG Wei; ZHONG Jiahui; LIU Qizhi; YUN Shuang; WANG Hao; DENG Weiji; ZHANG Xiaoxin; WANG Xinzhe; ZHANG Baowu

♦  PROTECTION AND UTILIZATION OF CROSS-REGIONAL LINEAR CULTURAL HERITAGE

Author:MEI Yaolin; ZHOU Lan; ZHANG Song; WANG Yin; WU Tinghai; YUAN Jinfu; YUAN Xin; TANG Xiwen; SHI Huaiyu; YU Jianzhong; WANG Chun

♦  URBAN CULTURE: HOW TO SHARE? HOW TO PLAN?

Author:ZHANG Song; BAO Yaming; HUANG He; WANG Weishan; YANG Yuzhen; ZHANG Jingxiang; ZHANG Guanghan

♦  DIVERGENT STANDPOINTS IN CURRENT URBAN PLANNING CIRCLES ON SOCIAL JUSTICE

Author:ZHOU Kai; PAN Lanying

ABSTRACT: Through reflections on recent discussions on the issue of social justice in planning, this paper holds that there is a divergence of values in the planning circles, for which six questions are raised: (1) Are all men created equal? (2) Should people in various classes be treated differently? (3) Are “social justice” and “social welfare” the same? (4) Is it socially just to provide different public services (i.e., education and medical care) to people according to their economic status? (5) Is it socially just to evict labor-intensive industries or floating population during the upgrading of a city? (6) Is it just to compromise social justice in order to pursue development, especially in less-developed regions? Using these questions, this research conducted an online survey among planning officials, academics, practitioners, and students. From the 685 questionnaires collected, this paper analyzed the composition of answers on the issues of “basic values”, “distribution of rights to the city”, and “tendency towards compromise”, as well as their relationships with the occupation, gender, and age of the respondents, which clearly demonstrates divergent standpoints in the current urban planning circles on social justice issues.

KEYWORDS: social justice; spatial justice; urban-rural planning; values; divergence

♦  DISCUSSION ON THE PLAN COMPILATION METHOD OF ACTION-ORIENTED SHANTYTOWN RENOVATION: A CASE STUDY OF JIANGBEI NEW AREA, NANJING

Author:YAO Xiuli

ABSTRACT: Based on the analysis on the difficulties in the renovation of shantytowns, this paper argues that the traditional list-based shantytown renovation plan cannot adjust to the demands in the new renovation phase. Therefore, it is essential to explore a new paradigm of shantytown renovation, which can integrate rational value, overall planning ability, and operability. Combined with the Action Plan for Shantytown Renovation in Jiangbei New Area, this paper proposes four key tasks and three basic technological orientations, which are the important concerns in the action plan compilation of shantytown renovation in the new period.

KEYWORDS: shantytown renovation planning; action-oriented; Jiangbei New Area, Nanjing

♦  ANALYSIS OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN URBANIZATION AND AIR POLLUTION IN WUHAN METROPOLITAN AREA: BASED ON THE GRAY CORRELATION AND SPATIAL PANEL ECONOMETRIC MODEL

Author:LI Xiaofan; DENG Hongbing; XIE Weiwei

ABSTRACT: By using the gray correlation model, this paper analyzes the correlation between urbanization and air pollution in Wuhan Metropolitan Area. It found that a high-degree correlation exists between them that rises with time, and a spatial correlation is also found. But the correlations between different pollutants and the level of urbanization shift differently with time: the gray correlation between annual concentration of PM10 and urbanization degree shows a light “S” trend along with time, the gray correlation between concentration of NO2 and urbanization rises with time, and the correlation between concentration of SO2 and urbanization reduces over time. Moreover, by using a space panel econometric model, the paper also analyzes the relationship between urbanization level and content of air pollutants, and found that: there is a significant positive correlation and spatial correlation between the urbanization level, permanent residential population, and concentration of PM10; there is a significant positive correlation between regional industrial structure and the concentration of SO2; and there is a significant positive correlation between urban infrastructure construction investment and the concentration of NO2.

KEYWORDS: urbanization; air pollution; the gray correlation model; spatial panel econometric model

♦  RESEARCH ON EVALUATION OF IMPLEMENTATION EFFECT OF VILLAGE CONSTRUCTION PLANNING: TAKING THE CONSTRUCTION PLAN OF MINJIAZUI VILLAGE OF CHANGCHUAN TOWNSHIP IN LINTAN COUNTY AS AN EXAMPLE

Author:DUAN Degang; GAO Li; HUANG Jing

ABSTRACT: At present, a large number of campaign-style government-led village planning and construction activities characterized by wide scale and quick results are carried out, whereas the pursuit for short-term effect out of political demand bring those villages amount of impact on sustainable and healthy development. Meanwhile, the lacking of village planning evaluation let many problems still in the air and limited the quality of village planning and construction. The construction planning of the eco-civilization demonstration village in Lintan County shows the general characteristics of the village planning and construction in China, so this paper takes it as an example and carries out the effect evaluation of village construction planning. Based on the framework of comprehensive evaluation method, this paper defines theory paradigm of evaluation on the implementation effect of village construction planning, and establishes a comprehensive evaluation system including executive evaluation, effect evaluation and social evaluation. And an empirical study is carried out to explore the effect of the village construction planning and its causes, in order to provide recommendations for enhancing the planning utility, as well as reference for the optimization and improvement of the current fast-paced village planning and construction.

KEYWORDS: village construction plan; evaluation on plan implementation effect; comprehensive evaluation system; eco-civilization demonstration village; Lintan County

♦  QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH ON PLOT RATIO OF GENERAL RAIL STATION BASED ON EXPERIENTIAL ANALOGISM

Author:ZHOU Mengru; GAO Yuan; HU Zhixing; WU Xiao

ABSTRACT: Due to the gradual expansion of urban space and increase of urban population, more and more cities chose to construct large-capacity rail transit. Based on TOD model, the core of land use development along rail transit is a high-density development of land around the station, which means that the identification of plot ratio is a key content. Currently, domestic plot ratio specified in the relevant specification is relatively extensive, and the research mostly focuses on the hub station, yet pays little attention to the general stations which have a large quantity and are most closely related to the public’s daily lives. Therefore, based on experiential analogism, this paper selects six successful domestic and international rail transit lines, and 81 general stations of different types based on the land usage. Then the paper calculates the plot ratio and analyzes the numerical law of the plot ratio of different stations throughout regression analysis. The result shows that plot ratio of the residential-type station, the life service-type station, the landscape-type station, and the industrial-type station is related to population density, while the plot ratio of the producer service-type station is related to urban competitiveness index. Then it calculates the formula of plot ratio, and provides reliable reference to land use around the rail station.

KEYWORDS: experiential analogism; land use development; plot ratio; quantitative research

♦  RESEARCH ON CITY OF NATURAL LANDSCAPES BASED ON GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE ASSESSMENT: A CASE STUDY OF HANGZHOU

Author:LI Yonghua; MA Qiwei; FAN Xueyi

ABSTRACT: This paper puts forward the concept of “city of natural landscapes” under the deep integration of the eastern and western thinking mode. The core contents include urban growth management, creation of natural landscapes, protection and inheritance of historic heritage under ecology constraint. Taking Hangzhou as an example, based on RS and GIS, this paper studies the distribution of four natural landscape elements, i.e., farmland, garden, mountain, and water, using Green Infrastructure Assessment. The results are as follows: the overall level of ecological service function is good, and the natural landscape elements are abundant and widely distributed; regional inequality of natural landscape elements is obvious, reflected by the differences between the east and west and among the administrative areas. Finally, based on the analysis of current policy and problems, it is considered that the current policy should pay attention to the construction of natural landscape elements system to achieve the ideal ecological pattern integrating mountain, water, farmland, and city.

KEYWORDS: urban growth management; ecosystem services; ecological security pattern; spatial policy

♦  EFFECTS OF NIMBY FACILITIES ON SURROUNDING RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY PRICE: A CASE STUDY OF FUNERAL PARLOR IN HEFEI

Author:ZHAO Qinna; XIAO Jiao; LIU Mengling; FAN Lijun

ABSTRACT: This paper studies the NIMBY (Not- In-My-Back-Yard) effect of funeral parlor in Hefei. Firstly, a field survey of the attitudes and perceptions of residents living around funeral parlor shows that the majority of respondents believe that the existence of funeral parlor have a negative impact on their lives; in the meantime, funeral parlor can also affect the housing price of surrounding areas, and this kind of effect decreases as the distance from funeral parlor increases. The result of Hedonic Pricing Method further proves this NIMBY effect and the price of proximate properties shows decreases in initial listing price of up to 3.2%, and negative effect on price is significant within the range of 1 km.

KEYWORDS: funeral parlor in Hefei; NIMBY effect; housing price; Hedonic Pricing Method

♦  RESEARCH ON THE CONSTRUCTION OF URBAN DESIGN TRAINING SYSTEM UNDER THE INTERDISCIPLINARY INTEGRATION

Author:ZHAO Liang; WU Yue; LIU Chenyang; ZHAO Bin

ABSTRACT: Interdisciplinary integration has a great significance on the training system construction of urban design. Based on the periodical literature data statistics of main research directions, degree program recruitment catalogs, and urban design research topics, this paper analyzes the direction of urban design under the interdisciplinary principles. After summarizing the training requirements of urban design ability at the undergraduate stage and combining the main line of spatial thinking, it finds that the teaching of urban design ability lies in five perspectives: space recognition and analysis, space combination and limitation, space making and implementation, space integration and coordination, and space technology application. What’s more, it takes the integrated teaching system, the specialized teaching unit, the digital teaching methods, and the adaptive teaching practice as the major training contents, and highlights the training of interdisciplinary principle, local characteristics, technology application, and professional practice of urban design system, thereby providing the corresponding development ideas for urban design training system under the interdisciplinary principles.

KEYWORDS: interdisciplinary integration; urban design; teaching research; training system